Underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complexes are ruins of cities and settlements of the Neogene Period, survivors of disasters and floods. Part 2. Who and when constructed underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex? - Earth before the Flood: Disappeared Continents and Civilizations

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Underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complexes are ruins of cities and settlements of the Neogene Period, survivors of disasters and floods. Part 2. Who and when constructed underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex?

Remains of disappeared civilizations > Megalythic structures

Relationship of underground-terrestrial megalithic constructions


In the tunnel of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem and the Jerusalem Archaeological Park, we observed transitions between underground structures (walls and rooms are carved in limestone) and ruins of cyclopean building and walls on them.
See here, here
Detailed examination of these exposures clearly show that the megalithic blocks with weight of several tens tons densely adjoin to exit sites (on a surface?) of underground constructions, probably, with some adhesion. In some places junctions of the carved rooms and rectangular megalithic blocks create the impression of a single complete construction. This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.

The relationship of the underground structures and ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings with sedimentary rocks


In the central and northern parts of Israel (ancient settlement of Susiya, the tunnel of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Rosh HaNikra) we observed overlapping of exits of underground constructions and ruins of megalithic walls by the lithified ( petrified ) limestone, marl and shale which have Neogene or more ancient age. It will be possible to speak more precisely about the age of the overlying rocks after further investigation.
   See here, here, here
 It seems that in the tunnel of the Temple Mount several rectangular limestone megalithic weighing several dozen tons each are retracted into the host shale or marl without violating their continuity. Now limestones and slates (marl?) of megalithic blocks and host rocks do not differ in hardness. All this allows to consider that blocks of limestones "were pushed" (clothed) in friable deposits.
See here

Foreign inclusions in megalithic blocks


In one of the megalithic blocks in the tunnel of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem we have found silicified (petrified) boards inserted into rectangular holes.
See here
    The age of such formations hardly can be less than several hundred thousand-million years.
See here
    These widespread holes in many other megalithic blocks allow us to assume that in the building of giant structures boards were used quite often, but after many (hundreds of thousands - millions?) years from the date of construction, they have not remained.


Weathering and secondary changes of megalithic blocks and walls of underground structures


Nature of weathering and secondary changes of megalithic blocks is different. In the areas of archaeological excavations they are quite fresh, and in the ruins and placers in the different regions of Israel they are subjected to strong physical and chemical weathering.
 See here, here
    Walls and ceilings of the most underground structures are covered with rather thick scurfs, layers and crusts (to 0.5-1 mm.) of the secondary minerals of silicon, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and big deposition of carbon.
See here, here, here
    The set and morphological features of secondary minerals in man-made underground constructions are practically no different from those in the caves of Carmel which are considered as natural formations educations and in which, according to conclusions of all archeologists worked in them, people lived, at least, for the last 500 000 years.
See here
    In some underground constructions we managed to observe the quartz or calcite streaks developed on traces from "chisels", which are widespread in some places (Maresha underground complex in the Central Israel).
    Chemical analyses of crusts material of secondary minerals from underground constructions (and here) of the National Park Adullam in Israel and the rock city of Tatlarin in Turkey were taken in Bar Ilan University (Israel) and they showed that the underground terrestrial megalithic complex "passed" through the phase of the tectonic and magmatic activation accompanied by the lifting of solutions from Earth depths heated to temperatures of 50-200 degrees (or receipt from above of hot acid solutions).
In a number of underground constructions (the National Park of Adullam) in crusts of secondary minerals there is abnormally high quantity of mineral – the indicator of global catastrophes - iridium (1-2%) which is surely determined by different methods. Its contents in ten times exceeds the content of iridium in thin layers of clays on the borders of the Permian- Triassic and Cretaceous-Paleogene sediments when there were the largest in the Earth history catastrophes accompanied by death of 70-90 percent of all vegetation and animals.
   The fact is noteworthy that thick (often millimetric) scurf and crusts of soot (carbon) have extensive development on the walls and ceilings of many (I would even say most) underground structures which couldn't be formed as a result of burning torches. Rather, soot is the indicator of storming fires on Earth and in the top part of underground constructions.
See here, here, here

Read my works "Chemical composition of secondary minerals of crusts and films on the walls and vaults of Adullam - Hurvat Midras underground megalithic complex, Israel" и "Chemical composition of secondary minerals of crusts and films on the walls and vaults of the underground cities of Cappadocia, Turkey" (in Russian)

Washed away reliefs in rock formations - the exits of underground structures to surface


In the Valley of Love of Goreme National Park in Turkey we observed a very strange and interesting rock formation on the walls of the tuffs and ignimbrites, enclosed underground constructions of the system of Cappadocia underground cities.  Walking through the valley, we saw on its both parties the bas-reliefs of different animals, birds and people which were washed away by erosion. The closer we approached to rocks to photograph bas-reliefs, the contours of them became less distinct and finally they disappeared completely, turning into vague projections on the rocks.
Nevertheless, in one place we managed to photograph the rocky jut which resembles bas-relief of the girl or the soldier.
See here
    Its similarity to the bas-relief washed away by erosion is really impressive. But in that case how many thousands or millions years ago it should have been made? In the Neogene? If it is valid so, a lot of things are clear up. It is necessary to take geomorphological and neotectonic researches and to find out what did the Valley of Love and all territory of Cappadocia represented in the Miocene and Pliocene?
    According to photos and descriptions in many tourist guides, similar bas-reliefs are in the north of Turkey, in Great Yazilikaya near villages of Yazilikaya and Khan, so-called as Turkish Markaguasi (a plateau in Peru with numerous juts on the rocks that reminds bas-reliefs of different animals, birds and people) for similarity to this plateau because of existence of the numerous bas-reliefs washed away by an erosion.

Deformation of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex


Underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is sometimes quite strongly deformed and broken up into blocks of different size which are displaced from each other. Especially its strong deformations, apparently, are observed near the Lebanese-Israeli border (fortress of Chateau Neuf, lat.: Novum Castellum), and in the Phrygian Valley in Turkey (Yazilikaya) where the megalithic blocks forming the basis of later constructions, are fragmented and sometimes turned. As a result of such deformations entrances to some underground constructions are located above, as though "head over heels".
    In some studied areas (Pink and Red Valley in Cappadocia, rock city of Tatlarin, Central Israel, etc.) there is shift of one sites of underground constructions concerning others on upthrust - thrusts (with a slope of 40-60 degrees) with an amplitude from several tens centimeters up to several meters. As a result of such shifts in some cases the cells of "columbaria" of one row are higher or lower than others.
See here, here
   Along with the breaks, being accompanied by the displacement of rocks and blocks, the underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is broken by numerous cracks which served as zones of penetration of hydrothermal solutions and became the centers of secondary mineralogenesis.
See here, here, here

Erosion of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex


Underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is almost everywhere dissected by erosion.
See here, here, here
Depth of an erosive cut reaches several hundred meters in the Central and Northern Israel and, apparently, at least 500 meters in the Central Turkey.
See here, here, here
According to my estimates such depth of erosion cut hardly could be formed in less time than 500 thousand - 1 million years.


Sediments on the floor of underground structures and lack of rock dumps


Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor. Their capacity is few millimeters – the first centimeters in some cases and in others – several meters. Sometimes they cover almost half of the carved columns height of 3 meters or more which are close to them on hardness or they form the hills reaching nearly a half of height of the underground rooms.
See here, here, here
    A slanting lamination is everywhere developed in sediments of limestones (dolomite?) marl and shale and earlier I identified it with signs of fossil ripples.
See here, here, here
Broad development on the floor of underground constructions of Turkey and Israel of lithified calcareous sediment and clay deposits covered with slanting lamination which is indistinguishable from traces of breaker (wave-cut) activity  and also absence of rock dumps near the underground cities in which 100 thousand inhabitants could live, testifies that the underground-terrestrial  megalithic complex long time was under water.

    In some underground constructions we managed to observe the quartz or calcite streaks developed on traces from "chisels", which are widespread in some places (Maresha underground complex in the Central Israel). 

    Chemical analyses of crusts material of secondary minerals from underground constructions (and here) of the National Park Adullam in Israel and the rock city of Tatlarin in Turkey were taken in Bar Ilan University (Israel) and they showed that the underground terrestrial megalithic complex "passed" through the phase of the tectonic and magmatic activation accompanied by the lifting of solutions from Earth depths heated to temperatures of 50-200 degrees (or receipt from above of hot acid solutions). In a number of underground constructions (the National Park of Adullam) in crusts of secondary minerals there is abnormally high quantity of mineral – the indicator of global catastrophes - iridium (1-2%) which is surely determined by different methods. Its contents in ten times exceeds the content of iridium in thin layers of clays on the borders of the Permian- Triassic and Cretaceous-Paleogene sediments when there were the largest in the Earth history catastrophes accompanied by death of 70-90 percent of all vegetation and animals.
   The fact is noteworthy that thick (often millimetric) scurf and crusts of soot (carbon) have extensive development on the walls and ceilings of many (I would even say most) underground structures which couldn't be formed as a result of burning torches. Rather, soot is the indicator of storming fires on Earth and in the top part of underground constructions.
See here, here, here

Read my works "Chemical composition of secondary minerals of crusts and films on the walls and vaults of Adullam - Hurvat Midras underground megalithic complex, Israel" и "Chemical composition of secondary minerals of crusts and films on the walls and vaults of the underground cities of Cappadocia, Turkey" (in Russian)

Washed away reliefs in rock formations - the exits of underground structures to surface


In the Valley of Love of Goreme National Park in Turkey we observed a very strange and interesting rock formation on the walls of the tuffs and ignimbrites, enclosed underground constructions of the system of Cappadocia underground cities.  Walking through the valley, we saw on its both parties the bas-reliefs of different animals, birds and people which were washed away by erosion. The closer we approached to rocks to photograph bas-reliefs, the contours of them became less distinct and finally they disappeared completely, turning into vague projections on the rocks.
Nevertheless, in one place we managed to photograph the rocky jut which resembles bas-relief of the girl or the soldier.
See here
    Its similarity to the bas-relief washed away by erosion is really impressive. But in that case how many thousands or millions years ago it should have been made? In the Neogene? If it is valid so, a lot of things are clear up. It is necessary to take geomorphological and neotectonic researches and to find out what did the Valley of Love and all territory of Cappadocia represented in the Miocene and Pliocene?
    According to photos and descriptions in many tourist guides, similar bas-reliefs are in the north of Turkey, in Great Yazilikaya near villages of Yazilikaya and Khan, so-called as Turkish Markaguasi (a plateau in Peru with numerous juts on the rocks that reminds bas-reliefs of different animals, birds and people) for similarity to this plateau because of existence of the numerous bas-reliefs washed away by an erosion.

Deformation of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex


Underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is sometimes quite strongly deformed and broken up into blocks of different size which are displaced from each other. Especially its strong deformations, apparently, are observed near the Lebanese-Israeli border (fortress of Chateau Neuf, lat.: Novum Castellum), and in the Phrygian Valley in Turkey (Yazilikaya) where the megalithic blocks forming the basis of later constructions, are fragmented and sometimes turned. As a result of such deformations entrances to some underground constructions are located above, as though "head over heels".
    In some studied areas (Pink and Red Valley in Cappadocia, rock city of Tatlarin, Central Israel, etc.) there is shift of one sites of underground constructions concerning others on upthrust - thrusts (with a slope of 40-60 degrees) with an amplitude from several tens centimeters up to several meters. As a result of such shifts in some cases the cells of "columbaria" of one row are higher or lower than others.
See here, here
   Along with the breaks, being accompanied by the displacement of rocks and blocks, the underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is broken by numerous cracks which served as zones of penetration of hydrothermal solutions and became the centers of secondary mineralogenesis.
See here, here, here

Erosion of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex


Underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is almost everywhere dissected by erosion.
See here, here, here
Depth of an erosive cut reaches several hundred meters in the Central and Northern Israel and, apparently, at least 500 meters in the Central Turkey.
See here, here, here
According to my estimates such depth of erosion cut hardly could be formed in less time than 500 thousand - 1 million years.


Sediments on the floor of underground structures and lack of rock dumps


Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor. Their capacity is few millimeters – the first centimeters in some cases and in others – several meters. Sometimes they cover almost half of the carved columns height of 3 meters or more which are close to them on hardness or they form the hills reaching nearly a half of height of the underground rooms.
See here, here, here
    A slanting lamination is everywhere developed in sediments of limestones (dolomite?) marl and shale and earlier I identified it with signs of fossil ripples.
See here, here, here
Broad development on the floor of underground constructions of Turkey and Israel of lithified calcareous sediment and clay deposits covered with slanting lamination which is indistinguishable from traces of breaker (wave-cut) activity  and also absence of rock dumps near the underground cities in which 100 thousand inhabitants could live, testifies that the underground-terrestrial  megalithic complex long time was under water.

Technology of construction of underground-terrestrial megalithic structures


When studying some underground and former underground constructions (Cavusin Rock City in Turkey, underground city of Maresha and Dustrey fortress in Israel and others) you involuntarily pay attention to the perfect processing of walls, ceilings, columns, arches, gates and other their elements.
See here, here, here

    The impression is made that all these underground and former underground rooms couldn't be constructed by the people of Bronze (IV - I millennium BC) and Early Iron (since the first millennium BC) Ages, who built housings and fortresses of detritus, boulders and small stone blocks fastened with clay or cement. And widely developed on walls of many underground and rocky cities traces of "chisels", apparently, are the results of expansion of their area in different and later time.
    In some cases traces of chisels look quite fresh and pass through crusts of secondary minerals on the walls. In other cases they, on the contrary, are furry and covered with crusts of secondary minerals. Thirdly, there are streaks of quartz or calcite on the traces of "chisels" which testify that they were cut through before the catastrophe accompanied by the formation of the Earth's crust splits and the lifting of hydrothermal solutions on them.
    At examination of ideally processed walls, door/window apertures of underground and former underground rooms it is impossible to get off thought that any
mashineries were used at their production. My studying of cells of "columbaria" in Maresha underground city in Israel showed that they weren't cut through in a wall as it is considered to be, and were made with use of any cutting tool.
See here
    In some cases (in Maresha and Adullam-Hurvat Midras too) it seemed to me that big thin stone blocks with the carved cells of columbaria were made separately and then were "soldered" to a wall, however this is only my thoughts needed to be verified.
    Very specific traces in the form of system of rings of the extending diameter were left in the top (crest) part of many bell caves of Beit Guvrin and Luzit in Israel.

See here, here, here
    I cannot offer any other explanation of their origin, except the work of the drill with the extending diameter. And this drill was used long ago because many such "rings" are covered with thick crusts of hydrothermal calcite (?). Very many works are devoted to construction of land megalithic structures and I I will not stay in my article on the existing hypotheses about this, and immediately I will summarize their results. Currently nobody knows authentically how they dislocated boulders of tens and hundred tons and why they generally used them. Therefore legends of the peoples from Peru, Ethiopia, Easter Island, Pohnpei (formerly known as Ponape) Island in Micronesia and other countries that megalithic constructions were built by giants or gods (and then by the people trained by them) with the using of mental energy for a softening of stones and their movement by air seem to me the most convincing.

Relationship of underground constructions and ruins of megalithic walls and buildings with debris of the IV millennium BC - the I millennia AD (Bronze and Iron Ages)


Currently, the archeologists working in Israel, Turkey and other countries of the Mediterranean region takes simply and rationally. They date underground-terrestrial megalithic complex by the time of construction of settlements or separate buildings or ruins of the cities located on it or near it. Therefore the age of absolutely identical underground constructions and ruins of megalithic walls and buildings on which (or near) these constructions were built, in one cases is determined by the IV millennium BC, in other – by the I millennium BC, in the third cases – by the I millennium AD, and sometimes (Nabi Samwil in Palestine) they generally refer to the II millennium AD.
    Sometimes I wonder just how serious people working at the academic institutes can say seriously that bell caves were cut through for the mining of chalk, pyramidal cells in the walls of underground rooms were cut through for the breeding of pigeons who never sit down in them (though they are abundant today in Israel and Turkey), and a huge terrace in limestones of Nabi Samwil of 5 meters in depth was cut down in the XII century by crusaders. That's really they had nothing else to do in the Holy Land.
    When we examined the constructions of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex, none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around. They even cannot be compared. People (if they were people) building underground constructions and megalithic structures possessed much greater abilities in the construction business and more advanced construction techniques.
    And does it make sense to compare megalithic and other archaeological (historical) complexes? In many places of Israel and Turkey we repeatedly observed how the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine and other buildings overlap the eroded surface of underground megalithic constructions, “patch up” various "holes" and "gaps" in the destroyed megalithic walls and partitions of underground rooms and halls, overbuild remnants of the former underground cities which have remained on the surface after their destruction by earthquakes and erosion.

See here, here, here
    Besides megalithic blocks were quite often used at construction of younger walls – in this case they are in the "allochthonous " (moved) bedding.

See here, here
    The wrong identification of megalithic and other archaeological (historical) complexes is connected with absence at archeologists of criteria for age definition of the megalithic complex. In fact, the age of " dumb " (not containing fossils, synchronous with the time of their construction ) underground rooms and ruins of megalithic walls and buildings can be defined only by geological methods – the fixing of the position of underground-terrestrial megalithic structures in cross-section and the time of their erosion, the determinating of absolute age of secondary minerals on the walls of underground rooms and halls , the timing of erosion of underground cities, as a result of which they were brought to the surface, taking into account the paleo- and recent tectonics of the area, etc.
    Therefore, it is possible finally to date an underground-terrestrial megalithic complex only by joint efforts of archeologists, geologists and geomorphologists.

Spread of underground-terrestrial megalithic constructions under water and in other areas


It is shown in the material presented on my Website about Kekova Island at the southwest coast of Turkey that the bared ruins of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex immerse under the surface of the Mediterranean Sea and are traced on its bottom.
See here
    The ruins of this complex, being below sea-level, are known in Rosh Hanikra near the Israeli-Lebanese border. Judging by the published works and broad development of small "cans" and islets on this site of the Mediterranean Sea, the underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is traced far away from the coastline.

See here
    Similar "banks" on shoal were observed next to the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in Tel Aviv near the megalithic block on the shore.

See here
    All this suggests a broad development of underground-terrestrial megalithic complex at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, which in this case should be called underwater subterranean-terrestrial megalithic complex.
    As it was noted at the beginning of this article, its distribution is not limited to the territories of Israel and Turkey and surrounding water areas of the Mediterranean Sea. The same or similar megalithic formations are known in Syria, Lebanon, Malta, Jordan, Kabardino-Balkaria, in southern India, northern Sri Lanka, in China and other regions. There is particularly impressive system of huge tunnels recently discovered in the Southern China. None of experts undertake the determination of their approximate age.
    Similar tunnels are very widespread in the South and North America, Egypt, Afghanistan, India and many other countries. And we can add to this the underwater ruins near the Japanese island of Yonaguni, remarkably similar to the exits of the underground-terrestrial megalithic complex in Israel and Turkey! Yonaguni's Japanese island, surprisingly similar to of an underground and land megalithic complex in Israel and Turkey!

See here   

    According to several works and rumors on the Internet, there are similar underwater ruins near the town of Chatan on Okinawa Island, at Kerama Islands (20 mi southwest of Okinawa Island), near Aguni Island (Okinawa), Pohnpei Island, Easter Island, near the islands of Bimini-Andros and even in the Black Sea near the town of Anapa.

    All this allows saying that underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is developed on the most part of the territory of Earth (both within continents, and at the bottom of oceans and the seas. Probably, it represents the remains of the Third world of Hopi Indians which are lying under oceans and seas waters or previous world from the Old Testament, the Koran, the Indian, Slavic, Aztec and many other legends which existed before and was different from our world.

Read my work about the creation of a new word "The Most Important Catastrophe in the History of Earth During Which Mankind Appeared. When It Happened?"


Age of underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex


 I have repeatedly addressed the issue of the dating of subterranean-terrestrial megalithic complex in this and previous my works and I cannot add anything new about this before joint research of the experts of different professions.

Read my works "Who constructed the underground-terrestrial megalithic complex of Israel and when was it constructed?", "Who also When had Constructed the Underground and Rocky Cities of Cappadocia (Turkey)?", "When megalithic structures were built?" (the last in Russian)

I can only reiterate that, according to geological and geomorphological data, subterranean-terrestrial (or more correctly, underwater underground-terrestrial) megalithic complex was constructed no later than the end of the Pliocene era of the Neogene Period or the beginning of the Quaternary Period (2-0.5 million years ago).  
    Time of the Third World of Hopi corresponded to the Fifth World era of Aztec and I referred it to the Middle-Late Miocene (15.9-5.3 million years ago). I have defined the end time of the previous world that preceded creation of the world by Yahweh, Allah, Indra, Vishnu and other gods (Fourth World era of the Aztecs, the Maya Third World, Second World of Hopi, Dvapara yuga of Indians, etc.) as the end of the Early Miocene - 15.9 million years ago.
    According to the estimates of the Turkish geologists who took the study of underground cities of Cappadocia, all underground constructions are concentrated in the Late Miocene- Pliocene tuffs and ignimbrites formed 13.4 million years ago. Younger Pliocene tuffs, tuffites and Pliocene- Quaternary alluvial sediments and basalts practically don't contain underground constructions. In Love Valley of Goreme National Park in Cappadocia we saw discordant (with washout) overlapping of tuffs and ignimbrites with underground cities by "dumb" (devoid of underground cities) Pliocene tuffaceous formations.

See here
    A similar relationship of tuffaceous strata contained underground and rock cities and overlying "dumb" tuffs, tuffites and basalts was noted in the area of rock towns of Cavusin, Tatlarin and other places of Cappadocia.

See here, here
    Thus, today we can offer three plausible datings of underwater subterranean-terrestrial megalithic complex:
1) This complex is more ancient that 0.5-1 or 2 million years ago, that is, has the Early Quarternary or Late Pliocene-Early Quarternary (the Late Neogene - Early Quarternary) age;
2) It was formed 13 - 4 million years ago, that is, has the Late Miocene - Early Pliocene (Neogene) age.


    
In the second case I would place underground-terrestrial megalithic complex in a slightly different age framework: 15.9 – 5.3 million years ago, that is would refer it to the period between the largest in the history of the Earth the Early-Middle Miocene catastrophe and Miocene-Pliocene catastrophe which had changed drastically our world. According to my interpretation of the duration of Indian yugas, this period corresponded the Dwapara yuga. It also accords with the Fifth World era of Aztecs, the Fourth World of Maya and the Third World of Hopi Indians.

3) This complex is more ancient then 15.9 million years. In this case it has to represent the remains of the previous world (the Treta Yuga of ancient Indians) existed before creation of a new world by Yahweh, Allah, Vishnu, Indra and other gods.
    The sequence of stages change in the development of the Earth and mankind and destruction of the previous worlds in legends of Aztecs, the Maya, ancient Indians, Slavs, Egyptians and many other people and my comparison of legends to geological data indicates the latter dating. The episode of destruction of the world during the "churning of the Ocean" and rotation of the firmament by Indian, the Maya - Aztec, Japanese, Sumer and other gods correlates with it as well as possible. Therefore I accepted it several times as the most probable dating in my works. And at the same time, we cannot ignore the legends of Hopi Indians and researches of the Turkish geologists and our own observations of discordant overlapping of Miocene rocks with the underground cities by the Pliocene-Quaternary tuffs and basalts. Perhaps the underwater subterranean-ground megalithic complex was constructed just in the Middle-Late Miocene time (15.9-5.3 million years ago). It was the period of instability, ruin and wars on the Earth when one catastrophe followed another, besides it had ended in the Miocene-Pliocene global catastrophe and the Great Flood which I compared with the Noah's Flood. In such circumstances the former population of the Earth, many of whom were giants
(and here), and various "monsters" quite could build underground dwellings, which remains we can see today in Israel, Turkey and other places of the globe. Messina sea transgression (Noah's Flood) happened 5.3 million years ago and it could leave noted traces of flooding of the underground cities and constructions.
    Also we cannot exclude that uneven-age similar underwater subterranean-ground megalithic complexes are bared in different places of the globe, but they are of the Early Miocene, mid- Late Miocene and possibly even Pleistocene or Pleistocene-Early Quarternary.

Conclusions


Thus, our studies in Israel and Turkey and analysis of published data give reason to contend that widespread among historians and archaeologists opinion that the age of reasonable humanity is a little more than 100,000 years and people learned to build something only 10-12 thousand years is wrong. In the different areas of the Mediterranean and other areas of the Earth there is underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex the construction of which is separated from our time by millions years. Perfection of structures, fastenings and finishings of many constructions in this complex, unknown building technologies and its monumentality indicate the highest level of development of reasonable beings lived in that time.
    For passed millions years since construction the complex endured one or several global catastrophes, was affected by earthquakes terrifying on force, was captured by huge fires storming on all surface of the Earth and submerged with waters of floods. As a result of crust motions its most part had plunged under a sea level and nowadays it is on a shelf (bottom) of the oceans and seas. However, the underground terrestrial megalithic complex withstood all disasters befell it and have remained up to now. Despite the fact that remains of the reasonable beings who had built it burned down long ago in a flame of fires or were carried away by water flows, studying of this complex can (and has to) give some idea about these beings who lived long before us. Especially, if geological, geomorphological and archaeological researches are accompanied by the studying of ancient books and folklore. It also can (and has to) give the chance to us to seize the ancient building techniques and to find out the destination of such structures as " bell caves " and " columbarium After all there is an opinion that they were built for amplification (of resonance) of acoustic or electromagnetic waves (vibrations) which could be used, including, for improvement of health and rejuvenation. We can only confirm or deny this.
   

The Million-year age of underwater underground-terrestrial megalithic complex is confirmed by ancient legends. So, according to legends of the Bolivian Indians, the megalithic city of Tiwanaku lay in ruins already when white bearded god Vira Kocha came out of Titicaca Lake and had erected the sun and the moon on the sky. Before this there was a night in South America.  It occurred after awful accident and the flood which has destroyed the previous world.  In my works I dated this event 15.9 million years ago.
   
Legends of the Bolivian Indians also narrate that Tiwanaku mostly was the underground city and the remained ruins of megalithic walls are only its small part.
    When I investigated ruins of a number of underground constructions and megalithic walls and buildings I couldn't get off thought that in the old days these subterranean terrestrial cities were something like the fantastic cities of elves, trolls and other mythical beings shown in fantasy movies.  They harmoniously fitted into natural landscapes and didn't break balance exist, apparently, then between ancestors of humans and the nature.
    To understand how these cities looked in the past, it is very important to carry out the studying of neotectonics and geomorphology of the area and to imagine very good how long ago this or that territory was above or below sea-level. Only knowing this factor we can answer such questions as, whether rock city Cavusin in Cappadocia (Turkey) was initially underground city, or it represented the top part of the subterranean terrestrial city which had been carved in the rock and built on the underground city.

The beginning/The section "Remains of Disappeared Civilizations"


©  A Koltypin, 2013
©  P Oleksenko, 2014 (translation)


We, A. Koltypin the author of this work, and P.Oleksenko the translator of this work, give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given.


Read my works "Megalithic structures - erected before the Flood" (in Russian), "When megalithic structures were built?" (in Russian), "The most important catastrophe in the history of Earth during which mankind appeared. When it happened?", "Once again about the time of creation of the world and the biblical (Noachic) Flood. The amendments brought by geology and folklore", "Legends and hypotheses about a lunar rabbit, churning of the ocean, spinning up of the firmament (vault of heaven), origin of the Moon and connection of the Moon with death and immortality - the description of catastrophes at the boundaries between the Third and Fourth and the Fourth and Fifth world epochs, acquisition of modern appearance by Earth and emergence of the modern person - Homo Sapiens" (in Russian), "History repeats itself in 150 million years. About equivalence of Aztec and Maya's world epochs and Indian Yugas and about existence of reasonable life in the Carboniferous, Ordovician and other periods" (in Russian), "Hopi - descendants of Spider-Woman. Four worlds in mythology Hopi" and series of my works in the section "Five world epochs and mankinds (humankinds) of the Maya, Nahua and Aztecs"

 
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