Some explorers consider that Earth's axis displacement (shift) in space on 15-30 ° and all the more on 50-60°, is little probable, referring to that the rotating Eartho represents a gyroscope with rather impressive moment of amount of movement, that is it is an inertial object, putting up strong resistance of tryings to change its movement (rotation).
For so sizeable displacement (shift) of Earth's axis a particular kind of an impact is necessary: not a simple physical power or the gravitational interaction with a space body flying by, but the rotationally-tipping moment. It can originate (occur), for example, at a tangential blow of an asteroid.
Accoding to Andrey Sklyarov's calculations, spent in his work the "Myth about a deluge: calculations and the reality", for rotating of Earth's axis on 20 ° an asteroid which will fly to Earth with velocity of 100 km/s, should have diameter not less than 1000 kilometres. But such asteroid, most likely, will destroy our planet.
1. Slip (slipping, sliding) of the lithosphere
Last years the other theory explaining a mechanism of global climate alteration and catastrophical changes on Earth, designed in 1984 by the American astronomer and geophysicist from NASA Peter Shults, was found acceptance: this is slip (slipping, sliding) of the lithosphere or, simply speaking, shift (displacement) of the geographical poles of Earth.
Its essence consists in the following. The Earth's crust together with a hard upper part of the mantle - the lithosphere - like an egg-shell rests on a bed of the melted mantle - the astenosphere. Width of the lithosphere - from 1-5 km in oceans up to 50-100 km in mainlands at a common radius of the Earth of 6370 km. It gives an opportunity to the lithosphere to slip (slide) on the liquid astenosphere at a strong blow to it (for example, at a tangential impact of an asteroid of 20 km in diameter, flying with velocity of 50 km/s) without some appreciable alteration of the gyroscope, in this case - the Earth.
Similar slip (slipping, sliding) of the lithosphere occurs at impacts of asteroids with Earth and strong earthquakes. It can happen and at strikes by belligerent (warring) parties of powerful nuclear strokes to each other. In the result of slip (slipping, sliding) of the lithosphere a location of the geographical poles changes and alteration of global climate takes place. All it is attended by sizeable displacements of blocks of the Earth's crust, rises of terrains, foldings and eruptions of volcanous. However, an incline (tilt) of Earth' axis in relation to the plane of the ecliptic thus does not change.
2. Displacement (shift) of the axis of the Earth
In spite of all seriousness of the arguments given by opponents of displacement (shift) of Earth's axis , under certain condition it all the same can occur. It is prooved by near to the horizontal location of Uranus's axis which had got such position, most likely, after an impact the planet with some large space body. It is also testifyed by displacement (shift) of the axis of the satellite of Jupiter, Europe approximately on 80 °, calculated by astronomers from the Institute of the Moon and planets of Carnegi and the Californian university in Santa Cruz under the guidance of Isamu Matsuyama. At last, it is confirmed by calculations of Dzhafar Arkani-Hamed from Canadian University of Mac'gil according to which the axis of Mars displaced (shifted) after a catastrophe more than on 30 °.
Similar change of a position of rotation axises of planets is called as a true displacement (shift), unlike an imaginary displacement (shift) of poles caused by tectonics of lithosphere plates. The true shift (displacement) took also place on the satellite of Saturn, Enceladus and as it has been shown above, on Earth.
"A chain reaction of catastrophes"
Today alterations of locations of the geographical poles are watched from satellites of system GPS. Data arrive in the International service of Rotation of Earth (USGS). According to long-term observations, earthquakes, really, make some influence on displacement (shift) of the axis of Earth (or of poles). However, Earth's axis displacement (or of poles) are, in turn, a trigger mechanism for earthquakes.
So, the circle closed up. A catastrophe caused by an impact of an asteroid with Earth, by exchange of nuclear strokes, or by everything else, will cause Earth's axis displacement (shift), formation of faults and earthquakes on all planet, and they, in turn, will contribute in further displacement (shift) of Earth's axis. And it is not so important, whether it will change of a space orientation (according to legends and I. Matsuyama's and Dz. Arkani-Hamed calculations ), or there will be a shift (displacement) of the geographical poles, and the position of the axis doesn't change, (as, for example, consider P. Schultz and A. Skljarov), catastrophical aftereffects (consequences) from it will be comparable.
© A.V. Koltypin, 2009
I, A. Koltypin the author and translator of this work give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given
Read my works "Great catastrophes in the history of Earth", "The most important catastrophe in the history of Earth during which mankind appeared. When it happened?", "Last days of the Great Northern civilization - the descendants of white gods. What has happened in the Northeastern Asia, Alaska and the shelf of Arctic ocean 12 thousand years ago? The reconstructions on a joint of geology and history", "Great catastrophe on Mars", "Catastrophes on Earth and Mars - united links of space catastrophes", "Phaeton, Mars, Earth, the following - Venus!"
Read also my works "Earth's axis position, rotation of the Earth and duration of days in the Paleogene", "Change of orientation of Earth's axis and climate in the Oligocene", "Neogene and Quarternary periods - the time of repeated repositionings of Earth's axis and rotational speed of the Earth"