Paratethys was a large shallow sea, stretching from the area located to the north of Alpes, around the Central Europe up to the Aral sea in the West Asia. The sea formed itself in the epoch of Oligocene (after 34 million years ago), when it was separated from the located on the south ocean Tethys by the formations of Alps, Dinarics, Taurus and Caucasian mountains. During its long existence the Paratethys repeatedly connected from time to time to the Tethys or its successors – the Mediterranean Sea or Indian Ocean. Beginning with the Pliocene epoch (after 5 million years ago), the Paratethys began quickly to shallow. Today’s Black, Caspian and Aral seas are the remains of Paratethys.
More to the south a semi-continental-peninsular land located that included the Zagros, Taurus, Pont, Caucasus, Crimea, Rhodope, Carpathian, Dinaric Alps and other mountains. To the south of it the relict part of Tethys with oceanic crust situated that was later named the Mediterranean Sea.
Comparing the geography (in the late Miocene) of the Mediterranean segment of Alpine-Himalayan mountainous fold belt with the areas of distribution of elvish, dwarfish, human civilizations as well as probably those of other rational beings in the Neogene, one can suggest that the southern semi-continental-peninsular land, that existed from the middle Miocene until the Pliocene, is indeed the mythical land of the Middle Earth from the fantasy movies.
Recently, due to the hint by geologist BN Golubov from the Institute of oceanology, I could finally see how this mythical land looked like. He recommended me to look for the “Atlas of lithological-palaegeographic maps of Paratethys”, comprised in 2004 by SV Popov, F Rögl, AU Rosanov, FF Steininger, IG Sherba and M Kovach. Atlas represents 10 coloured lithological-palaegeographical maps of the Mediterranean segment of Alpine-Himalayan mountain and fold belt from the late Eocene till the Pliocene, including 3 maps of the middle and late Miocene for the time intervals 14-13 million years ago, 12-11 million years ago, 8,5-7 million years ago. This time periods correspond to the carried out by me dating of the rock-subterranian complex of the Mediterranean region. That is why the described southern semi-continental-peninsular land on these maps, by all appearances, is the most reliable map of the Middle Earth as of today.
To all the painters reading this article: I would like to suggest to create a more painterly map of the Middle Earth, where one could mark the explored by me cities of elves, dwarves and humans of that period. That would make up a great illustration for the history books, which would be hard to call in question due to its factual filling.
Раздел "Remains of Disappeared Civilizations"
© AV Koltypin, 2015
© P Zhurko, 2016 (translation)
We, A. Koltypin the authors of this work, and P Zhurko, the translator of this work hereby allow to use it for all unprohibited by current legislation goals provided that you indicate my authorship and insert hyperlink to http://dopotopa.com or http://earthbeforeflood.com
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