Winged sun, double-headed eagle and the caduceus in ancient Egyptian, Sumerian, Mesopotamian, Zoroastrian and other symbolics
Three other widespread Masonic symbols are the sun disk with wings or winged sun, double-headed eagle in a crown with a sword in his paws, and the caduceus, which are treated as a symbol of a sealed mystery, a symbol of the art of war, fearlessness of Masons, royalty of their art and the world spiritual union of masons of highest degrees, and a symbol of knowledge and polar equivalence of good and evil, as well as a symbol of unity of masculine and feminine (double-headed eagle as an emblem of Scottish Rite Masonic lodges ). All three of these signs have very ancient history and is known as minimum, with the IV millennium BC.
Winged sun disk - a symbol of heaven, divine order and sun power
(see the images on the page)
The winged sun disk was found in ancient Egyptian, Sumerian, Mesopotamian, Hittite, Anatolian, Persian (Zoroastrian), South American and even Australian symbolism and has many variations. In the Victorian era it was transformed into a Christian symbol, symbolizing the life-giving power of God.
According to one version, the winged disc represents the sun at the time of eclipse, and the wings and sometimes tail of the bird display elements of the solar corona, which is visible at the moment of total eclipse. According to another version, disk depicts a mythical celestial body of Nibiru, which is described in the mythology of the Ancient East. More believable and frequent interpretations of this symbol, however, is its comparison with the sky, the sun, solar power and renewal of life or divinity, majesty, power and eternity of the spirit. Sometimes winged disk consider as a stylized image of eagle's wings.
In ancient Egypt, winged sun was associated with Ra-Horahti and Horus Behdetskiy (according to the majority of Egyptologists, they belonged to the gods of the sun).
Quite often it is accompanied by one or two uraeus of cobras on each side, and one or two Ankhs. A variation of the sun disk with wings, apparently, are the images of the goddess of truth, justice, harmony of the universe, divine order and ethical norms of Maat, which is often shown with arms or less often, half-bent wings, and the patron of Upper Egypt heavenly mother goddess of Nehbet in a kind of a kite, Egyptian vulture or falcon with outspread wings and often a solar disk on his head. There are images of the ancient god of the rising sun, Khepri who is associated with rebirth, resurrection and new life as a winged scarab.
In the book "Earth before the Flood - the world of sorcerers and werewolves" I showed that Ra-Horahti and Horus Behdetskiy likely belonged to Adityas (although we cannot exclude that they belong to Daityas or Danavas). Maat and Nehbet likely belonged to Apsaras. And as I said, and Adityas and Apsaras were among sun or celestial gods, who from time immemorial lived on the northern continent of Hyperborea.
In Sumer and Mesopotamia winged sun was associated with the sun god Shamash (without the human figure) and the Assyrian supreme god Ashur (with the human figure), which corresponded to the Sumerian supreme god Enlil. In Urartu, there was a state that existed in the 1 millennium BC in the Armenian highlands, with the sun god Shivini. All of them belonged to the sun or celestial gods.
Double-headed eagle - a sun symbol of power, nobility and uncompromising struggle against evil (see the images on the page)
The double-headed eagle is one of the oldest symbols. He was widely distributed in the Sumerian culture. One of the earliest images of the eagle was found during excavations of the Sumerian city of Lagash in Mesopotamia. Probably even more ancient a two-headed eagle was cut from smoky jade by the Olmec and its eyes please visitors at the best museum of Costa Rica.
Ancient Hittites also well knew the symbol. The character-attributes of their chief state god Tischuba (Teschuba), god of thunder, were a double ax (later entered to Crete and assigned to Zeus) and a double-headed eagle.
Not far from the Turkish village Boguskoy, where once was the capital of the Hittite state, it was found the oldest two-headed eagle (13th century BC), carved in the rock. The double-headed eagle with outstretched wings holds in paws two hares. A modern interpretation of the image is a king stands out, looking around, defeats his enemies which hares portray, animals cowardly, but voracious.
A double-headed eagle is depicted on cylinder seals found in the excavations of the fortress Boguskoy. This symbol is also found on the walls of monumental buildings of other cities of the Hittite civilization. Hittites, like the Sumerians, used it for religious purposes.
The double-headed eagle (6th century BCE) was met in the Medes, east of the former Hittite.
The double-headed eagle was met in ancient Egypt and Assyrian monuments, where they are, according to experts, are to symbolize the connection with the Median kingdom of Assyria in the 6th and 7th centuries
The "Dictionary of international symbols and emblems" states "the Roman generals had the eagle on their Rods as a sign of supremacy over the Army". Later the Eagle "was turned into a purely imperial sign, symbol of supreme power."
In ancient Greece, the sun god Helios traveled across the sky in a chariot drawn by four horses. It rare describes, not for the public, images of Helios in his chariot drawn by two-headed eagles. There were two eagles and four heads. Perhaps it was a sign of a more ancient, secret character.
Later, the double-headed eagle was used by Persian shahs of the Sassanian dynasty (1st century AD), and then by replaced them Arab rulers who put the logo even on their coins. Ottomans minted coins with Star of David on one side and a double-headed eagle on the other. It is also images of double-headed eagles on the Arab coins of Zengid and Ortokid from the 12th to the14th century.
In the Arab world two-headed eagle also become a popular element of oriental ornament. In the Middle Ages, this symbol appeared on the standard of the Seljuk Turks, who, moreover, adorned by it stands of the Koran. The double-headed eagle was circulated in Persia as a symbol of victory, as well as in the Golden Horde.
A number of coins of the Golden Horde survived, minted during the reign of the Khans Uzbek and Djanibek, are with a double-headed eagle. Sometimes there are allegations that the double-headed eagle was the State Emblem of the Golden Horde. However, a coat of arms usually associates with a state seal, and to date has not kept any document (label) with the seal of the Jochi Ulus, therefore the most historians don't consider a double-headed eagle was an emblem of the Golden Horde.
There is evidence that the two-headed eagle was on the banners of the Huns (2nd-5th centuries). An Indo-European two-headed eagle first appeared in the Hurrians (3rd millennium BC, the center of civilization in the Caucasus), who honor it as a guardian of the Tree of Life.
It is believed that Europeans first learned of the two-headed eagle during the Crusades. This symbol is used as a first coat of many Templars who went to the conquest of the Holy Sepulcher in the Holy Land, and is likely to have been borrowed by them in their travels through the territory of modern Turkey. Since then, the two-headed eagle is frequently used in European heraldry. In Byzantium and the Balkan countries, it was often decorative. Double eagles were depicted on fabric, ritual vessels, walls of religious buildings, as well as on the seals of territorial principalities and imperial cities.
Since the end of the 14th century, a gold double-headed eagle on a red field increasingly appeared on various state regalia of Byzantium. In the 15th century, under the Emperor Sigismund, or shortly before it, the double-headed eagle was adopted as the state emblem of the Holy Roman (German) Empire. It was portrayed in the black gold shield with golden beaks and claws of an eagle were surrounded by halos.
The double-headed eagle was depicted in the past on the coat of arms of Austria, German Union, Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro, as well as on the arms of shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah. It was also present on the coins of medieval Bulgaria. Currently, a two-headed eagle is depicted on the coat of arms of Albania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro.
On the chest of the eagle, since Peter I, it was placed the ancient emblem of Moscow. It portray the Rider of Heaven who embodied the image of the Holy Great Martyr, George the Victorious, spearing a serpent, symbolizing the eternal struggle between Light and Darkness, Good and Evil. In the paws Eagle firmly holds the scepter and orb, the immutable symbols of power, great power, unity and integrity of the state.
Most researchers of this symbol believe the eagle is associated with the sun. The logic here is that the eagle is the king of birds and the sun the is the king of all the planets. The eagle flies above all, and is closest to the sun. The eagle is a symbol with multiple meanings. The eagle always personifies power and nobility, reminding to a man of his exalted origin and divine nature. Large outstretched wings are a symbol of protection, sharp claws are a symbol of uncompromising struggle against evil, and white head symbolizes just power. In addition, the eagle is always associated with strength, courage, morality and wisdom.
An eagle with antiquity was known as the royal symbol. It symbolizes rule. It is a sign of kings of the earth and heaven. (Eagle - Envoy of Jupiter). Zeus turns to an eagle to abduct Ganymede.
The double-headed eagle represents the possibility of amplification of power, its extension to the west and east. Allegorically an ancient image of a two-headed bird could represent an unsleeping guardian who sees everything in the east and the west.
The eagle has always been a sun symbol and is an attribute of sun gods in many cultures. It was considered as a sacred emblem of Odin, Zeus, Jupiter, Mithra, Ninurta (Ningirsu) and Ashur (Assyrian god of storms, lightning and fertility). The double-headed eagle symbolized Nergal (Mars), the deity personifying the sizzling heat of the midday sun, and also represents the god of the underworld.
The eagle was also considered to be a messenger of the gods, which connected the earth and celestial sphere. In Mesoamerica, the eagle is also considered as a symbol of light and space of the heavenly spirit. In Christianity, the eagle is the embodiment of divine love, justice, courage, spirit, faith, as well as the symbol of resurrection. As in other traditions, the eagle played a messenger of heaven.
Fravahar - a sun symbol of victory of truth (see the images on the page)
One of the well-studied images of the sun disk with wings is a Zoroastrian fravahar known since the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC.
It is believed that the word "fravahar" comes from the ancient Iranian (Avestan) word “fravarane”, which translates to "I choose”, and implied a choice of goodness, justice, the religion of Zoroaster or Zarutushty. According to others, it is derived from the Avestan word “far” or “khvar” – “shining”, with the meaning of radiance of divine grace, which as if soars on the wings of light, or “fravati”, “to protect” in the sense of divine protection by angel custodian, Fravati or Fravashis. Another translation of this character is “move forward power”, which implies movement to divine truth.
Whatever the original meaning of the word, its use implies a winged disc with a tail and human figure sitting on it which, according to some sources, is the image of the supreme god Ahura Mazda of the Zoroastrians, on the second, the abstract, not personalized personality, and on the third, the highest glory or divine radiance (the Royal Glory).
There are several interpretations of meaning of fravahar. It is considered as a symbol of pride, progress, improvement and happiness of man, based on good thoughts, words and deeds (three layers of feather wings of fravahar) in an infinite world (large circle in the center), on the base of two fundamental principles: love and eternity. The raised hand symbolizes the upward direction, to divine truth, and the wings - flight to paradise.
Fravahar is also interpreted (version Shahriar or Shahriari) as the flight of the soul toward progress. Large circle in the center symbolizes eternity of the universe or the eternal nature of the soul. Like a circle, they have no beginning and no end. The figure of an elderly man, inscribed in a circle, talking about the wisdom of time. Lifting one of his hands up he shows the direction in which to move people. His other hand holds little promise ring. This means that these promises cannot be broken. Empennage bottom also consists of three parts - bad thoughts, words, and deeds. It is at the bottom in order to emphasize that the choice of such qualities prevent flight of the soul to the divine truth. Finally, the two "threads" twisted into spirals at the ends at the bottom symbolize the duality of human nature. They indicate that in the spirit of righteous, people will come to the right choice, while the unrighteous spirit, or its absence, to the wrong choice.
The concept of the celebration of the divine truth in fravahar is combined by its submission as a solar symbol (it is recognized by all researchers), that allows it to be considered a sign of sun or celestial gods. This interpretation is confirmed by the essence of the character of Zoroastrian supreme god Ahura Mazda, which, as many researchers believe, is depicted in fravahar. Ahura Mazda was the leader of Ahuras (“lords”), which included sun gods Mitra, Varuna, Veretranga and others. Ahura Mazda and Ahuras was associated with one of the major religious concepts (“art” or “Asha”), a fair rule of law, divine justice, and in this sense they completely corresponded to Indian Adityas.
In Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda was considered the one and only Creator of the universe, invisible helper of mankind in the fight against evil. His characters were fire as the pure element of peace, banishing evil, and light as having the cleanest energy particle (photons) in the entire universe, driving away darkness.
Thus, the sun disk with wings or winged sun with numerous varieties is another ancient symbol of the sun or the heavenly gods.
Caduceus - a symbol of confrontation between good and evil and of the knowledge of divine truth (see the images on the page)
Caduceus (from the Greek word “messenger” or “precursor” ) was worn by the god-healer of Mesopotamia (Eshmun?), Ancient Egyptian gods Anubis and sometimes Isis, the Greco-Roman god Hermes-Mercury, the Phoenician god Bal (Baal), the Sumerian goddess Ishtar along with other gods. In Christianity, the caduceus became an attribute of Sophia (Wisdom). On the ancient Orthodox icons she keeps it in his right hand.
There are quite a few interpretations of the meaning of the caduceus. It is considered as a key symbol, opening the limit between light and darkness, good and evil, life and death. In this the wings of the caduceus symbolize the ability to cross any borders (option - are the epitome of the spirit), rod - power over the forces of nature, double snake - opposite sides of dualism, which eventually should connect. Two snakes represent the coupling strength of the separation of good and evil, fire and water, etc.
It is believed that the rod is the world axis (option - the world tree), up and down which between Heaven and Earth, the gods moved intermediary. Caduceus are worn as a sign of peace and protection all the messengers, and it was their main attribute. Two snakes with their heads facing up symbolize in this case the evolution of the universe, two principles (like the Ying and Yang in Taoism) or interpreted as two mutually due process of evolutionary development of material forms and souls that govern material forms. Symmetrical arrangement of snakes and wings is evidence of the opposing forces balance and harmonious development of both low, solid and the higher, spiritual level.
Snakes have also been associated with the cyclical nature's revival and restoration of the universal order when it is broken. Quite often they are equated to the symbol of wisdom. In Asia Minor tradition two snakes were a common symbol of fertility and in Mesopotamian tradition woven snakes were considered the epitome of god healer.
A symbol similar to caduceus was found in the ancient Indian monuments. In esoteric Buddhism, a rod of the caduceus symbolize an axis of the world, and a snake, the cosmic energy, Serpent Fire or Kundalini, traditionally represented by coiling at the base of the spine (the analog of world axis in a scale of the microcosm). Intertwining around a central axis, snakes joined at seven points, they are linked with the chakras. Kundalini sleeps in the basal chakra, and when in the result of evolution wakes up, goes through the spine in three ways: central, Shushumna, and two lateral, which form two intersecting spirals - Pingala (That's right, men's and active spiral), and Ida (left, ladies and passive ) .
Whatever the interpretation of the caduceus (both from above, and not mentioned in the paper) was not true, it is considered by most researchers to be one of the oldest symbols of creative power. Therefore, it was thought that owned the caduceus possessed all laws of knowledge that rule nature.
Caduceus - a symbol of the unity of sun and moon gods (interpretation of A. Koltypin)
In such a conventional interpretation of the caduceus, it is not reflected several of its most important features which I want to draw your attention to. These are:
- Outstretched wings, which are virtually indistinguishable from the wings of the above described symbol - a winged disk of the sun, with its many varieties - fravahar, winged Ashur, Maat, Nehbet, Khepri, etc.;
- Knob of the staff that has a shape of the sun disk, sun disk bordered by moon or Ankh.
According to some researchers, a kind of the caduceus in ancient Egypt was a scepter topped with a sun disk bordered by moon . It is believed that the caduceus is the rod that supports both symbols of the Sun and the Moon.
- The composition of the caduceus, which is consistent with many images of the other ancient Egyptian symbol, Urey or Wadjet, uniting into one (often in different combinations) birds, snakes, and the sun bordered by the moon. Quite often, they are joined by another ancient Egyptian symbol, “the eye of Horus” (in Masonic symbolism it represents the all-seeing eye).
According to the majority of Egyptologists, winged Urey-cobra, or Urey in a kind of a cobra and bird, symbolize the unity of Lower and Upper Egypt. According to the reconstruction in my book, "Earth before the Flood - the world of sorcerers and werewolves”, they were administered respectively by snakemen-amphibians and white gods (apsaras), or globally, the sun and moon gods. And being on both sides of the sun disk snakes meant balance (or equality) of counter forces.
In my opinion, the caduceus is another symbolic image of the unity or union. In this case the rod corresponds to the world axis, which as if (seems to) supports the Sun and the Moon (or sky). Wings symbolize celestial or sun (white) gods, and snakes - moon (serpentine) gods. Sun gods are closer to the sky, sun, and moon goods - to the ground. Characteristically, the messengers between gods often have mixed origin. For example, Hermes was a son of the leader of the sun gods Zeus and the nymph (apparently, among snakemen-amphibians) Maya and according to many of his attributes (it was the god of theft and trade) did not match the sun gods.
This hierarchy of the sun and moon gods confirmed by legends of many people, which states that after the first great battle between them, which ended with the victory of white gods (according to my interpretation, taking place at the turn of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, 65.5 million years ago), white or sun gods settled on the surface of Earth and Snakemen down under the ground. Simultaneously the caduceus may be a symbolic representation of the unity of the underworld or land (snakes) and the surface of Earth or Heaven (wings) that revolve around the world axis (the staff) and illuminated by the Moon and the Sun (Knob).
Alliance reflection of the sun and moon gods on the caduceus, winged sun and Wadjet
Interpretation of the meaning of the caduceus proposed by me is supported by a famous image of a winged sun disk from the 9th century BC, found in the palace in Caparra (T) al- Halaf (Syria). It shows the Sumerian-Akkadian epic hero Gilgamesh , flanked by two “semiman-semibuffalos” holding a winged sun.
Why do I call your attention to this relief? In the first place, because “semiman-semibuffalos” are remarkably similar to the ancient gods of the Maya, Nahua, and Aztecs depicted on bas-reliefs of Central America and Mexico, Ica stones and medieval figures. Also, as I have shown in the book “Earth before the Flood - the world of sorcerers and werewolves”, they all belonged to serpent people, or "old" people. According to the “Popol Vuh”, they formed a significant part of the underground settlement of Tulan-Chimostok and predicted the imminent domination of “new” people (humanoid white gods).
Location wings or the winged sun over the snakes or the “old” people, apparently, represents the dominant position of sun or celestial gods over old serpentine or moon gods in their union with each other. And, indeed, when studying mythology, especially the ancient Chinese, history shows that the sun gods always played the leading role. They have always been at least nominal rulers of old people, even when the real power belonged to the last (such as it was in the reign of the legendary Chinese emperors Zhuan Xu and Di – Ku). In almost all cases, there was indication that the guiding hand of “white gods” stretched from north (Hyperborea - AK).
At the same time mythological, especially Indian, history suggests that for a very long time there was an alliance between the sun and moon or celestial or earthly gods. Together they (Adityas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Nagas, Maruts, and Rakshasas, among others) have struggled against space invaders, both light-skinned and dark-skinned "demons" with a human appearance of Daityas and Danavas. During the “golden age” (and here) (according to my interpretation, in the Paleocene and Eocene, 66-34 million years ago) snakemen and white gods lived together within a single world state, which Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhukada called “Bharatavarsa”. After arrival of Daityas and Danavas on Earth strategic military alliance of white gods, different types of serpent people, many armed creatures and various chimeras and mutants were established to reflect aggression of “demons” - atheists.
This union of the “old” and “new” people, by definition of the “Popol Vuh”, and in my opinion, is reflected on the caduceus, some pictures of a winged sun disk and Egyptian Urey or Wadjet , which often were given in combination with the sun disk or a winged sun. Two snakes on the caduceus and two fringing the sun snake of Urey may mean that in the union two types of serpent people took part - came from the Mesozoic era Nagas, Viyevichs, Maruts, Rudras and others, and also landed on Earth in the late Eocene (34 million years ago) snakemen-amphibious led by Enki, Chalchiuhtlicue, Shennun, etc. And this view is confirmed by many legends.
Reflection of the divine and demonic spirit or soul of a person on the caduceus and fravahare
Anyone can cite one more possible interpretation of the above symbols (it can complement the first one). Sun or celestial gods are personified the highest divine truth, and the image above shows the path for those who manage to overcome the low desires and acquire the knowledge they offer. Conversely, snake-like or moon gods are personified demonic, and their image below shows the direction in which to move those who will be guided in life by carnal desires. It is also possible, and the caduceus and fravahar represents two sides of the human “I”, which co-exist two opposite halves: the light, divine, and the dark, demonic, and offer two possible ways of development. And interestingly, this interpretation is very close to many different interpretations of these symbols.
Or maybe they just show that the human body by agreement between the sun and moon gods became the seat of two souls, both the divine and demonic, and point the way leading to liberation from demonic entity (in terms of sun gods). It is not a coincidence, therefore, many ancient teachings say that in every man there are two opposite halves, one of which carries good, divine beginning, and the other, the evil, demonic one.
Read my work “Types of people and their relationship with the former inhabitants of the Earth” and “Thinking about the nature of the demonic half (entity) of people. What is "the devil dwelling inside us"?", as well as "Ancestors living in people - how to see them? What can teach the profession of a puppeteer?" by A.Kornazhek
Baphomet - a symbol of old serpentine gods, the legacy of which is the demonic "half" of humans
In this regard, it is necessary to mention another Masonic symbol, which was borrowed by them from the Knights Templar, “Baphomet” or “Palladium”.
According to Y. Lukin (“In a world of symbols”, 1936), the interpretation of the word Baphomet (it is also Beelzebub, Baal Zebub - first assistant of Lucifer), read from right to left TEMOHRAS, will Notariqon of the following formula: TEMPLI-OMNIUM-HOMINUM-RACIS-ABBAS, which translated from Latin, means “Rector of all people of the world”.
Yuri Lukin said that Kabalistic drawing transmitted to the Templers together with a statue of Baphomet considered handwritten signature of Baal Zebub by Masons. This system of signs occur on the podium in the houses of Diabolist (Satanists), where the statue rests on a huge bowl, serving the emblem of the Earth. Famous French occultist Eliphas Levi in his book “Doctrine and Ritual of High Magic” (St. Petersburg, 1910), gave a stylized image of Baphomet (goat-headed monster Mende).
Skull between the horns strongly moved apart is steaming sulfur, and burning pentagram on the forehead - Magen Shlomo (Solomon Star). A monster has female torso and eagle wings, goat feet trampling the globe, and an abdomen covered with fish scales. Also, between the legs is a protruding object with a knob similar to the caduceus, but without wings. The left arm points to the moon on the growth and the right - to month on the wane.
These attributes, according to Levy, is the total of the universe: the mind, four elements, divine revelation, sex, motherhood, sin and salvation. White and black crescents on both sides of the figure are symbols of good and evil.
The Church of Satan, founded in 1966 in San Francisco, as a symbol of Satanism, took another image of Baphomet. This image is a goat's head, inscribed in an inverted five-pointed star, located in turn, in a double circle.
"Portrait" of Baphomet on this Masonic symbol is very much like other images of the old gods, (which I attributed to serpentine one, though not always with good reason), the Sumerian, Egyptian, Greek, Mayan. So I just wanted to say that it represents the oldest terrestrial or moon gods, the inhabitants of the “underworld”. Probably their heritage is present in every human demonic, satanic half. At the same time, some images of the caduceus (with wings) over Baphomet apparently reflects its true place in an alliance with sun gods, giving us thus to understand what are snake pictured on it.
© AV Koltypin 2010
© J Gray, 2013 (translation)
We, A. Koltypin the authors of this work, and J.Gray the translator of this work, give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given.
Read my work, "Symbols of sun gods in Church of the Holy Tomb in Jerusalem", "Wadjet, Eye of Ra and Eye of Horus", ”Origin of the Sun and Moon dynasties of Indian kings", ”Yahweh and Huitzilopochtli - who are they? Reflections on the similarity of outcomes of Jews and Aztecs and nature of gods who guided them", "Exodus of white gods. From Hyperborea to Easter Island", "Emancipated female societies: a view from time immemorial" and "Patriarchy and polygamy: a view from time immemorial”