Lost civilization traces
It is really worth seeing the best of all and not glooming over trifles. Not once did our plans and intentions be failed and things were occurred to be turning out in the worst possible manner. But the time passed and we could see that the worst-case scenario led us to the results which opened wider opportunities for us to continue our investigations.
This year, in January, the program I use for creating my web-site has stopped functioning on all my computers simultaneously and all of a sudden. For a few months I have tried to solve this problem with the manufacture’s experts but was not successful. The program worked properly on their computers. And they could not understand what I wanted from them.
Busy with this problem I did not update the site, did not visit the forum. And the photographs of the latest expedition to Israel in February, 2015, and those of petrified wheel treads (so called "cart ruts") on the Neogene peneplanation plane provided by A. Kuznetsov (the partner in the expedition to Turkey in October, 2014) were left aside. But everything comes to an end one day. In half a year of this mission downtime I found the way of continuing my work on the site starting with publishing A. Kuznetsov’s photographs.
A new insight into an old problem. That was how I could see petrified wheel treads on the Neogene peneplanation plane a few months later
While looking through and analyzing the photographs I noticed so important peculiarities of petrified wheel treads which I might have missed if I had not had such a long break between the periods of publishing two large portions of photographs of petrified wheel treads (here and here).
Thoughtfully, I returned to the time when I was making investigations in the North-East of the Soviet Union and working on paleogeographical and paleogeodinamical reconstructions of the conditions of this region during the deposition of sediments. They were based on Ch. Layel’s principle of actualism which lies in accepting analogues between modern physical, chemical, geological, and geographical processes and those of ancient times.
Principle of actualism is the key principle of Geology
During my work in geological parties the principle of actualism was considered to be the fundamental principle of Geology. And so is it nowadays.
However, some investigators in their scientific works try to prove that this principle does not work. Their arguments are those of imperfect methods of absolute chronology, differences in the periods of present and past processes, changes of the passage of time and others. The most part of these investigations pertains to creative scientists. The tendency of significant shortening of the geological chronical of the Earth and assigning the geological scale to the Bible chronology is called creative science.
The ocean bottom has thousands of drilled boreholes. Scores of volumes the size of the Soviet Encyclopedia – each with the reports of oceanic sediments drilling received from the ships Glomar Challenger and Glomar Exploiter – were published. The rate of deposition is defined with a minimum deviation. The surface of the Earth is covered with geological surveys of different scale. The detailed stratigraphic schemes are worked out and the facial analysis of deposition of different regions is conducted. The geological investigations conducted in oceans and on continents let us identify with confidence the deposition of ancient eras with those of different areas of oceans, seas, lakes, swamps and rivers and reconstruct the conditions which existed on ancient and contemporary platforms as well as in fold-mountain areas in the geological past. They hardly differed from current conditions. In the Riphean, Cambrian, Carboniferous, Cretaceous, Neogene and other periods during the last one or two billions of years the Earth had the same form and sizes, continents and oceans.
Continents consisted of platforms and early continental landmasses of folded zones appeared in the result of collisions. The ocean bottom was made up of a shelf, a continental slope, a root (of a mountain) and a deep-water hole (an abyssal plain) with underwater mountains and insular arcs. There existed lagoons, swamps, lakes and rivers on the continents. There were accumulated the same sediments in the past as there are in similar areas of oceans and continents nowadays.
There is not a single known argument proving that the rate of sediment assumption in the past differs from that of the present days significantly. Therefore, it is possible to define the period of deposition if the layer of homogeneous deposits – say, 1-kilometer-deep – assumed on a continental shelf, a slope or an abyssal plain (the last though is hardly possible due to an extremely slow rate of sediment assumption in this area of the ocean) will be plotted on a geological map or a geological section.
The period is calculated by means of dividing the rate of sediment assumption received from the analysis of ocean drilling in similar areas of a nowaday ocean by the strength of deposition to its rate. As a result, we get 1,10 and even tens of millions of years. Provided that this calculation is conducted for the whole stratigraphic period known in the area, it is possible to define the period of time during which a continental crust (or a part of it) of an early or nowaday platform or a fold-mountain area has been formed. That is supposed to be hundreds of thousands of times older than the age of a continental crust defined by creative scientists on the basis of the Bible chronology.
I would ask them a question of how they can explain why the sediment assumption of many kilometers had been assumed for a relatively short period of time – hundreds or thousands of years. As a rule, the answer is that all the sediments which are more than 3 or 4 thousand years old have been assumed during the catastrophe.
Assuming this is true, we will try to calculate the rate of sediment assumption during the catastrophe. It is to be from a few hundred meters up to several kilometers per year, and besides, the sediments must have been assumed in huge areas simultaneously. According to the borehole-drilling reports, the rate of a contemporary sediment assumption in the shelf area and near the continental rises has been from 3 to 50 cm for a thousand of years and up to tens and hundreds of meters opposite the mouths of large rivers for the same period of time. Meanwhile, the rate of sediment assumption on abyssal plains is much less – from 0,1 to 10 mm for a thousand of years.
But this is the thin edge of the wedge. Assuming that the age of the Earth is 6 000 years, according to classical creative scientists, based on the Bible chronology, or even 6 million years, according to neo-creative scientists, we can easily define the rate of a continental drift of South and North America from Africa and Europe being not less than 25 km per year, or not less than 250 m per year.
According to the latest satellite measurements, the rate of a continental drift is 2-4 cm per year, and besides, this rate has not been changed for the past 150 million years.
There is a score of arguments in favour of the principle of actualism. But it is quite enough to mention that the period of sediment assumption defined by the strength and the facial composition of deposits is relevant to the age of fauna and flora remains alongside with an absolute age of upper and lower parts of masses.