The Earliest Maps of Earth (Piri Reis, Oronce Fine, Gerardus Mercator, Philippe Bauche and other cartographers) were Charted in the Palaeogene - Earth before the Flood: Disappeared Continents and Civilizations

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The Earliest Maps of Earth (Piri Reis, Oronce Fine, Gerardus Mercator, Philippe Bauche and other cartographers) were Charted in the Palaeogene

Disappeared continents and civilizations

In many ancient texts Jambudvipu environed by oceans is very detailed described - an ancient continent having a rounded form and stretched in the south to India (or to Tibet which was in this place before India). In its central part there was Meru mount (Sumeru) identified with the world centre, or the North pole. Such continent only Hyperborea cold be and only in the Paleocene time (when there was no inner sea in its central part yet) or in the Eocene time (when Meru mount was in the middle of an inner sea).
In any event, it was not earlier than 65,5 million years and not later than 34 million years ago (most likely, not later than 45-40 million years ago)...
The very detailed description of geography of this continent in the Old Indian literature speaks that there existed then some highly-developed civilization on it which had excellent cartographers and has managed to save data about this country during subsequent 40 or even 60 million years.

А. Koltypin "Battles of ancient goods"

Marking out (separating out) the most suitable for life in the Paleocene and Eocene epochs of the Palaeogene period (65,5-34 million years ago) continents in the extreme north and south parts of the terrestrial globe - Hyperborea and Antarctica, climatic  conditions of which matched featured in legends about the "Golden Age" ones, allows to look in an absolutely new fashion at the saved till our time maps of Hyperborea by Ger(h)ardus Merkator (1554) and Antarctica by Piri Reis (1513), Oronce Fine (1531), Hadzhi Ahmed (1559), Phillippe  Bauche (1737) and other cartographers and navigators.

Philippe Bauche map

Let's start from maps of Antarctica. On P. Bauche's map entirely free from ices Antarctica is shown, and water space parting it on two big  islands, comparable with Greenland, is described in the middle of the mainland at that. Such pattern could be characteristic only prior to the beginning of the Oligocene epoch (34-30 million years ago) when in the East Antarctica glaciers had begun to take shape. According to some explorers [1], the first traces of glaciation had occured on the southern continent even earlier - in the middle of the Eocene epoch (45-42 million years ago). However, data in this respect is not too convincing, besides, they contradict to finds in Antarctica subtropical Eocene floras.

Oronce Fine map

On O. Fine's map Antarctica with ice-free shores, mountains and rivers is imaged. The relief of the central part of the map is not marked out that could be related as to availability in this area a small Polar cap, and to some other  reasons. According to materials of geological investigations, glaciation of Antarctica with a polar cap forming had started in the beginning of the Miocene epoch of the Neogene period (23 million years ago). During the Early Miocene  temperate climate remained on the larger part of this mainland and only to the middle of the Miocene (about 13 million years ago) an ice-cap had locked the bulk of this continent. Therefore, O. Fine's map, most likely, corresponds to 23 - 13 million years ago' time.

Piri Reis map

On P. Reis's map Antarctica is shown jointed to South America. Differentiation of these mainlands, according to the majority of explorers, had originated or at the Eocene and Oligocene boundary (34 million years ago), or at the boundary between the Palaeogene and Neogene periods (23 million years ago). Means, the original of this map had been charted not earlier this time.
Thus, all three listed maps of Antarctica define the time of their charting from 34, perhaps 42-45, till 23-13 million years ago, that is they are proper for the end of the "Golden Age", or the period following it at once.

Gerardus Mercator Map of Hyperborea

Let's view now the map of Hyperborea of G. Merkator. The continent located on-site of the Arctic ocean with an inner sea which is divided into four parts by larger rivers or channels is marked out on it. There are no traces of glaciation on this continent and situated in the neighbourhood with it Greenland and islands of the Arctic ocean. The first glaciers had occured in Arctic regions approximately in the middle of the Miocene epoch of the Neogene period (16-10 million years ago). Means, G. Merkator's map defines about the same time, as P. Bauche, O. Fine and P. Reis's maps.

Hyperborea - the Northern native land of mankind

Availability in thePaleogene and, perhaps, Early Neogene (Miocene)  near the northern and the southern poles of Earth big mainlands - Hyperborea and Antarctica, which were situated in zones of warm, subtropical and tropical climates and were covered by broad-leaved, subtropical and tropical vegetation, in a combination with perpetually shining or for a short while hidind for horizon the sun, confirms numerous legends that the mankind cradle was in the northern, and, perhaps, and in the southern, polar latitudes. Therefore, the most suitable places for  searching of remnants of our far forerunners are not Africa or Asia where remnants of Australopithecuses, Pithecanthropuses, Sinanthropuses and others apelike "grandparents of men" had been found, and are the bottom of the Arctic ocean and hidden by ice the rock bed of Greenland, northern polar islands and Antarctica! But today they are hidden from eyes of explorers. Probably, therefore we do not know till now "in a face" our true grandparents, and we are content with that we begin our genus from a monkey.

Read my more late works "When did grow forests and flow rivers in Antarctica? Once again about the age of Piri Reis, Oronce Fine and Philippe Bauche' maps" and "World Map of Oronce Fine, 1531 – the map of a light part of Earth in the Early Miocene (24-16 million years ago)?"

© A.V. Koltypin, 2009

I, A. Koltypin the author and translator of this work give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site is given.

The section "Disappeared continents and civilizations"

Read a series of my works "Location of continents and oceans in the Paleogene"

Translated into English

Arctic basin in the Paleogene

The Seventh Continent - Hyperborea

Where Hyperborea was and when did it exist?

White island (Beliy ostrov), "high gobi civilization" and Jambudvipa (Hyperborea)

How did the rest world look?

Sacral geography - the geography of the "Golden Age"

Paleocene-Eocene - the Golden Age of (Humanity) Mankind

and also P.Oleksenko work "Atlantis – a sunken continent, archipelago or fiction of Plato? The arguments for and against Atlantis and attempts of its localization"

1]Л.Моран, Я.Бэкман, Х.Бринкхус и др.

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