Visit the places of worship of the main god of Philistines and Phoenicians Dagon and Syrian goddess Derketo (Derceto) - Anargatis (Ataratah, Ataratha) became one of the most stirring impressions of my journey across the Middle East. They represented something like a mermaid - a head, arms and a lower half of a body were human, and below a waist there was a fish tailing.
Dagon, Dagan - the most ancient gods of the Middle East and Mesopotamia
Dagon was West Semitic deity and he was honoured as a god - protector of farming (agriculture) and fisheries. According to the most widespread point of view, Dagon is Hebrew or Canaanitish (I millenary BC) form of the name of Dagan mentioned in Akkadian (Assirian-Babylonian) texts (III-I millenaries BC) and in the texts of Mari, Ebla and Ugarit, and also in personal names of Akkadian tsars (Iddin-Dagan, Ishme-Dagan, Sargon of Akkadian).
In the texts of Sargon of Akkadian, Dagan appears as a head of Shumerian-Akkadian pantheon and the holder of Mari and Ebla regions. One of the inscriptions states: "Sargon, the tsar, will prostrate himself before Dagan in Tuttul [one of centres of worship of Dagan]. He [Dagan] will give him the upper lands: Mari, Jalmuti and Elba, and also the cedar forest and silver mounts". (http://ru.wikipedia.org)
In the texts of Mari, Dagan are presented as one of the main gods of Amoraim. In Ugaritian texts he is mentioned in the Poem about Nikkal as a father of the moon deity Urh, and also as the father of Baal. It is considered (based on the inscriptions on a stele found there) that one of the main temples of Ugarit was the temple of Dagan in which victims were brought for him.
The First Book of Samuel (the First Book of the Kings), the Book of Judges and the Fist Book of the Chronicles (Paralipomenon) describes Dagon as the national deity of Philistines.
In Biblical Hebrew the word "dag" means "fish", and it did not change from the Old Testament times. Other meaning of the word "dagan"-"grain". Probably, honouring of Dagon as a god of farming (agriculture) is related to it.
At the time of syncretism (belief in two different religions - adorations of Jahveh and Baal) until the period of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (I century BC) Dagon often as though run into a single whole with Baal and was considered as the son of Heaven and Land, the inventor of a plough. The Syrian-Phoenician coins pictured Dagon with fishes in arms and bottom of the body as at a fish concern to this time.
Dagon at J. Milton and H. Lovecraft - alien god of the Hoary antiquity, the fallen angel
The English poet and thinker J. Milton (1608-1674) named Dagon in "the Lost paradise" by marine miracle, a semiman-semifish, one of the fallen angels walking in troops of Satan. American writer and poet Howard P. Lovecraft (1890-1937) has acquainted public at large with a cycle of legends of so-called tract "Nekronomikon" ("Al Azif" or "Journey of Alhazred" by Abdula Alhazred from Yemen, apprx. 700 AD), according to one explorers, invented by the author, according to others - having existed and, perhaps, still existing in fact. He had retold them in a number of his stories. Particularly, in "Dagon" (1917), "Call of Ktulhu" (1926) and "Witch's valley" (together with O. Derlet, after 1937) Lovecraft defined Dagon as one of the most ancient gods - a race of deep-watered - people-amphibians who inhabited ocean deeps worshipped to him together with Ktulku. Lovecraft's Dagon had many common features with the deity of the same name of West Semitic pantheon. In "Witch's valley" Lovecraft wrote that "the Book ("Nekromikon") told about some mythical races of alien conquerors named by Gods of the Hoary antiquity and Masters of the Antiquity … Ktulhu, Hastur, Shub-Niggurat, Azatot, Dagon, Itaku, Uendigo, Tstugha. All of them at different times tried to seize the Earth, to many of them ante-human earthly races served and worshipped - cho-cho, deep-watered and others... ". The writer asserted that else in the middle of XIX century there was Esoteric Order of Dagon.
Dagon or Father Dagon was one of the deities of a pantheon of myths of Ktulhu (Ktulu, Cthulhu). Together with his wife Hydra, Dagon was direct protector of Deep-watered which respectfully named them by Father Dagon and Mother Hydra.
Read my works "Snakemen - amphibians - space aggressors, destroyers of the world and the teachers of people" and "Intrusion of snakemen - amphibians to the Earth in the end of the Eocene era. The Eocene- Oligocene catastrophe"
Attitude to Dagon of Christianity and Satanists
By Christian church Dagon had been attributed to demons.
"Dagon - Demon of the second order. The main Baker at the infernal palace (I. Vier" De Praestigius Daemonum "). In the ancient time Dagon was known as West Semitic deity, the protector of farming (agriculture) or of fisheries; probably originally the god - bearer of food. He was imaged in the form of a mighty person with a fish tailing instead of legs. At Philistines in the end of II - in the beginning of I thousand BC Dagon - the supreme deity, the god of war. In the Bible (1 Kings 5, 2-7) it is described that when Philistines had seized the Ark at israelites, they had placed it in the temple of Dagon in Asot. But force of the Ark had thrown downd the idol of Dagon and it was scattered to some parts.
Dagon was the leader of demons possessing louver nuns, sister Maria was possessed by him. Sister Madeleine Baven who had sent demons acknowledged that on sabbath had married Dagon (who had accepted appearance of a seductive young man) and committed with him awful and harlot coituses on the altar ("Recit veritable", 1643)... Dagon is numbered among diabolical names in "the Satanic Bible" by La Vey. The modern Satanists honour him in day of the crop as Great Grantor of Crops. " ( http://haostemple.org)
Temples of Dagon at Philistines
According to the Book of Judges, the Book of the Kings and the Book of Jesus Navin of the Old Testament, the temples devoted to Dagon, with statues of the fish-like god, were in the main Philistinian cities Gaza (modern Palestinian autonomy of the Gaza Strip) and Asot (modern Ashdod, Israel), and also in Bef-Dagon (the house of Dagon), on the boundary of the tribe of Judah (probably, this title is saved as Bejt-Dagan: so in Hebrew the small settlement, disposed in Saron plain on the paths from Jaffa to Lod, names), in a city of the tribe of Hazeroth, and in several other places. According to the first Book of the Kings of the Old Testament, in the temple of Dagon in Ashdod it was stored seized by Philistines at Jews in fight at Aphek, at the time of the high priest of Elijah, the Ark of the Covenant with the Tables of the Testimony (Covenant) passed by Jahveh to Moseses on the mount Sinai. The first temple had been destroyed to the ground by the biblical hero Samson (at the time of the Old Testament writing its ruins were still visible), and the Second - by Maccabe (Makabim) of Jonathan Hasmonean in 147 BC. According to the biblical testimonies (the First Book of the Kings), presence of the Ark of the Covenant in the temple had led to overturn of the idol and to its splitting on pieces:
"Philistines have taken the Ark of God, and have brought it in Asot.... and have carried it in the temple of Dagon, and have delivered it near Dagon. And Azotians got up early the next day, and here, Dagon lied by his face to earth before the Ark of God.... And lied the arm of God over Asotians, and He striked them...".
"And inhabitants of Asot got up at the following morning, and here Dagon lied, fallen before the Ark of the Lord in the Highest on land, both the head of Dagon and two hands of his arms are cut, and lied on the threshold...".
© A.V. Koltypin, 2010
I, A. Koltypin the author and translator of this work give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that my authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given.