It is true, thanks to metro and above ground trains. Lately, I did not have an opportunity not only to start a new article but to correct earlier prepared material at work or at home. Today on the road I could do both. I finished correction of a week old work about similarities in stone basins, wells and tombs in Turkey, Israel, Bulgaria and other countries and dug in ground modern trenches, pits and other holes and hollows. And, continuing my elaborations, started in the article, I decided to bring more arguments in favour of Neogene age and widespread existence of under/above ground (underwater) megalithic complex on Earth.
2) Underwater megalithic complex is widely spread along shores of Mediterranean Sea, Palk Strait and, probably, Bengal Bay, surroundings of Hindustan peninsular, in Mexican Gulf shelf, Florida Straits, Great Bahama bank, East China Sea, bordering with Antilles-Caribbean Cenozoic folded region and Pacific Cenozoic folded belt. It's exits are also preserved in between mountains arches and gorges, on the bottom of Titicaca lake (Bolivia), Fuxian (Yunnan province, China), possibly, Kinneret (Israel), they are also near Florida, Northern Carolina, Belize, Malta, France shores, in Baltic Sea and number of other places.
History of geological development of Alpine-Himalayan and Andes mountain-folded belts. Rising of land started in middle Miocene
Named territories and many other of Alpine-Himalayan and Andes mountain-folded belts, appeared as a result of collision between end parts of Eurasia (Eurasian plate) and Africa, Arabia, Hindustan (Afro-Arabian and Hindustan plates) and number of microcontinents. Andes belt had few stages of folding- and mountain developing movements as a result of collision between ocean plate Nazca and end parts of South America (South-American plate).
Collision of the continents in different parts of Alpine-Himalayan belt started in different time. So, Hindustan came up to outskirts of Eurasia at the end of Eocene. Folding and small uplifts development took place there in Oligocene (end of Eocene, according to some data). Rising continued in Miocene. Eastern part of Tethys ocean was fully closed in the middle of Miocene (14-15 million year ago).
There were mountains in Himalayas in Miocene and Pliocene epochs (18-3.4 million years ago), they were small, covered by moistures tropical forests, forest-steppes. Wide, raised up to 1km land with many lakes, flowing meandering rivers, growing tropical and subtropical forests, was on the place of Tibet. Modern shape of Tibet plateau and mountain ranges of Hindu Kush, Pamir and Himalayas was taken at the second part of Pliocene epoch Neogene and Quaternary periods (3.4-0 million year ago).
Collision between Africa with connected to it Arabia and Eurasia began later - in early Miocene (23-16 million years ago) and finished on the border of early and middle Miocene (about 16 million years ago) by overlapping and folding. As a result of the collision, Alps, Caucasus, Zagros and other mountain ranges had appeared. Considerable parts of Mediterranean region (territory of Asia Minor, Turkey, Caucasus and others) turned into zones of stable uplifting at the beginning or middle Miocene (from 15 to 13 million years ago in different areas according to different data). They looked like Cordilleras (mountain ranges) or plateau with numerous lakes, rivers, volcanoes (Central Anatolia and others), where amassing of predominantly pyroclastic material took place. Rising strengthened at the end of middle - beginning of late Miocene (11-10 million years ago).
Uplifting of this territory continued during Pliocene (5.3-2.8 million years ago) and Quaternary period (2.8-0 million years ago). All this time the biggest part of Alpine-Himalayan belt appeared to be raised land. Sediments amassing happened mainly in marshes and lakes of near shore lowlands, between mountain arches and gorges, river valleys. River valleys took modern shape at the beginning or middle of Pliocene (5-3 million years ago).
Andes mountain-folded belt was affected by folding and rising in Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleogene and Neogene periods. Forming of Andes modern structure and morphology began in Cretaceous period and continued in Cenozoic period, rising in different parts of Andes happened in different time. During Neogene and Quaternary periods considerable territories of Andes (Western, Eastern Cordilleras, partially Central and Inner Andes) appeared to be areas of stable uplifting, however, there were sea basins connecting Pacific and Atlantic oceans in some inner parts (Altiplano plateau, Atrato arch - San Juano and others), to some data also in Pleistocene.
So, under/above ground (underwater) complex exits are related to Cenozoic upliftings from middle-late Miocene (15-10 million years ago), or to sinking zones in Cenozoic folding development. The age of such sinking (for example Kekova bay in Turkey), as a rule, is not big (usually 10-20 thousand years). Historical chronicles confirm earthquakes, sinking of some near land parts, exits of free from sediments complex in Mediterranean shores of Israel, Turkey, Sardinia, Malta and other regions of Alpine-Himalayan belt, also research about sank buildings on the sea bottom age determination.
Middle Miocene peneplains and traces of intelligent activity in Neogene
Wide development of Cenozoic raised regions (middle-late Miocene) in Alpine-Himalayan and Andes belts caused widespread appearance of Cenozoic peneplains in mountains, highlands and plateaus. Those peneplains were ancient land.
Example of such ancient land is studied by us in Central Anatolia (Phrygian valley,Cappadocia) in Turkey, peneplain based on middle-late Miocene tuff like - sediment bedrocks. Results for absolute age determination for volcanic materials, consisting of trachyandesites, terriferics and lamproites, coming into field exists of tuffs and tuff like grounds of middle-late Miocene with developed peneplains (14-12 million years) and wide existence of volcanic cones, ravines, spring valleys and other ancient relief elements, given by K. Akal with co-authors in "High potassium volcano activity in Afyon, West Turkey..." (Cuneyt Akal, Cahit Helvacı, Dejan Prelevic´, Paul van den Bogaard. High-K volcanism in the Afyon region, western Turkey: from Si-oversaturated to Si-undersaturated volcanism/Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch) (2013) 102:435–453), give reasons to believe that peneplain was formed at the end of late Miocene. Consequently, there were land from then on.
Found by us numerous vehicle wheel traces, load prints, petrified basins, wells, tombs and other holes and hollows on middle-late Miocene peneplain (land) indicate high activity in Central Anatolia of some intelligent creatures, lived at the end of middle Miocene - early Miocene. Judging to wheel prints similarity with modern car tracks, they could have looked like people.
Arguments in favour of middle-late Miocene age of Under/above ground megalithic complex
Such dating of under/above ground megalithic complex is in tune with uplifting of considerable territories of Alpine-Himalayan and Andes belts, wide appearance of Cenozoic peneplains on them and weak sedimentation (predominantly tuffs and tuff like grounds) beginning from middle (late) Miocene. It confirmed by deformation of this complex, its splitting into blocks, many of which are in allochtone bedding, create placers of stone lumps on slopes, by intensive erosion, by absence of spoil heaps near underground towns and by development of water runs (floods) petrified sediments in underground chambers and galleries, also by strong weathering of megalithic, rock and underground structures.
I took part in expeditions to Kamchatka, Chukotka, Koriak highlands, Kurils and Commander Islands, Ural, Khazahstan, Central Asia and studied Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary) and more ancient (Palaeozoic, Mesozoic) volcanic, volcano-sedimentary and sedimentary layers, close in consistence to commonly found in Central Anatolia, Israel, Bulgaria and other regions. It concerned secondary changes and crackings in main bedrocks and also, developed crusts of weathering.
This gave me a reason to state that under/above ground megalithic complex has Neogene age. If you add my observations of irregular under/above ground complex coverings by Pliocene tuff like grounds and Pliocene-Quaternary basalts in Cappadocia, same degree of lithification (petrification) of megalithic complex blocks and containing bedrocks in Temple Mount, Jerusalem (look also my report on expedition in Israel 2015) and Susya (Palestine autonomy), very strong complex bas-relief and stone structures weathering,wide existence of bas-reliefs, picturing lion, Machairodus giganteus, lived in Anatolia in Miocene-Pliocene, Miocene age of under/above ground megalithic complex, generally, should not be subject for discussion. My arguments on this account sound very convincing for geologists. I hope, they will be substantial for archeologists researching this complex.
We, A. Koltypin the authors of this work, and A.Semenov, the translator of this work, give permission to use this for any purpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given